Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer,is a team sport played between two teams of 11 football playerswho primarily use their feet to propel the ball around a rectangular field called a pitch. The objective of the game is to score more goals than the opposition by moving the ball beyond the goal line into a rectangular framed goal defended by the opposing side. Traditionally, the game has been played over two 45 minute halves, for a total match time of 90 minutes. With an estimated 250 million players active in over 200 countries, it is considered the world's most popular sport.

The game of association football is played in accordance with the Laws of the Game, a set of rules that has been in effect since 1863 with the International Football Association Board (IFAB) maintaining them since 1886. The game is played with a football that is 68–70 cm (27–28 in) in circumference. The two teams compete to get the ball into the other team's goal (between the posts and under the bar), thereby scoring a goal. When the ball is in play, the players mainly use their feet, but may use any other part of their body to control, Forwardor pass the ball apart from their hands or arms. Only the goalkeepers may use their hands and arms, and only then within the penalty area. The team that has scored more goals at the end of the game is the winner. Depending on the format of the competition, an equal number of goals scored may result in a draw being declared, or the game goes into extra time or a penalty shootout.

Internationally, association football is globally governed by FIFA. The national associations are responsible for managing the game, both professionally and at an amateur level, in their own countries and coordinating competitions in accordance with the Laws of the Game. The most senior and prestigious international competitions are the men's FIFA World Cup and the FIFA Women's World Cup. The men's World Cup is the most-viewed sporting event in the world, surpassing the Olympic Games. The top five European men's leagues are the Premier League (England), La Liga (Spain), Bundesliga (Germany), Serie A (Italy), and Ligue 1 (France). Attracting most of the world's best players, each of the leagues has a total wage cost in excess of £600 million/€763 million/US$1.185 billion.

The final of the men's tournament has been, in recent years, the most-watched annual sporting event in the world. Women's association football has historically seen opposition from national associations severely curbing its development, several outlawing it completely. Restrictions started to be reduced in the 1980s and the first women's World Cup was the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup in China with only 12 teams from the respective 6 confederations. By the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup in France, this had increased to 24 national teams and a record-breaking 1.12 billion viewers watched the competition. The two most prestigious competitions in European club football are the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Women's Champions League, which attract an extensive television audience throughout the world.

 

 

Football
Football

 

Name

Football is one of a family of football codes, which emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity.

Within the English-speaking world, association football is now usually called "football" in Great Britain and most of Ulster in the north of Ireland, whereas people usually call it "soccer" in regions and countries where other codes of football are prevalent, such as Australia, Canada, South Africa, most of Ireland (excluding Ulster) and the United States. A notable exception is New Zealand, where in the first two decades of the 21st century, under the influence of international television, "football" has been gaining prevalence, despite the dominance of other codes of football, namely rugby union and rugby league. In Japan, the game is also primarily called sakkā (サッカー), derived from "soccer".

The term soccer comes from Oxford "-er" slang, which was prevalent at the University of Oxford in England from about 1875, and is thought to have been borrowed from the slang of Rugby School. Initially spelled assoccer, it was later reduced to the modern spelling. This form of slang also gave rise to rugger for rugby football, fiver and tenner for five pound and ten pound notes, and the now-archaic footer that was also a name for association football. The word soccer arrived at its final form in 1895 and was first recorded in 1889 in the earlier form of socca.

 

Laws


There are 17 laws in the official Laws of the Game, each containing a collection of stipulation and guidelines. The same laws are designed to apply to all levels of football, although certain modifications for groups such as juniors, seniors, women and people with physical disabilities are permitted. The laws are often framed in broad terms, which allow flexibility in their application depending on the nature of the game. The Laws of the Game are published by FIFA, but are maintained by the IFAB. In addition to the seventeen laws, numerous IFAB decisions and other directives contribute to the regulation of association football. Within the United States, Major League Soccer used a distinct ruleset during the 1990s and the National Federation of State High School Associations and National Collegiate Athletic Association still use rulesets that are comparable to, but different from, the IFAB Laws.

 

The field of Football
The field of Football

 

football rules


The field is a rectangular lawn. Minimum width 50 yards, maximum 100 yards, minimum length 100 yards, maximum 130 yards.

marker in the field Formed by various lines, each line having a width of not more than 5 inches, making a symbol in the field, including
boundary line, boundary line Center point, goal line, goal area, penalty area, penalty area, goal, corner flag, flagpole

A soccer ball is spherical, made of leather or other materials. flexible as appropriate that does not harm the player It is a football number 5 with a circumference of about 68-70 centimeters, weighing about 410-450 grams.

The number of players for each team can be up to 11 people, one of whom is a goalkeeper. And each team consists of a real player and a substitute.

playback device uniforms of athletes, teams of both teams competing Must wear a uniform with a clear contrast color.

Referees are responsible for making decisions. and deciding on the field

assistant referee Has a duty to help the referee who is on the edge of the field In the corner where the referee is not visible

competition period The match is divided into 2 sessions, each time equal 45 minutes. Keeping the time is the duty of the timekeeper. which may increase the overtime portion When in the field there was a momentary suspension of the race

the start of the race In order to choose a country or choose to kick start playing first Let's decide by risking the coin. (throw head-tail)

ball out of field When the ball goes out of play

To count points, the ball must completely cross the goal line. by playing a ball that is legal (i.e. use of feet or head) is considered 1 point.

Offside: The striker is beyond the position of the defender.

Foul: Any player deliberately commits an offense such as kicking or attempting to kick an opponent. Cut off the opponent's leg

A free kick is taken when a foul is committed by the opposing player. or offside from where the foul was made or offside position

Penalty shootouts are taken by defensive players. foul in the penalty area

A throw-in occurs when the ball leaves the sidelines.

A goal kick occurs when the ball goes out of bounds behind the goal.

A corner kick occurs when a defender blocks the ball and it goes behind the goal.

 

In conclusion, we will get to know about football. There must be a total of 11 people. One team has 11 players, 1  Goalkeeperand 10 other position players, consisting of  defender. (Defender position), Midfielder (Midfielder) and Attacker (Forward), depending on the map system used. In which those positions will indicate the duties and playing areas of that position and get to know the history and details about football and playing football. I hope the information I publish today will be more or less information for those who are interested in football.

 

reference

 

Association football.details of football.[Online].Accessible https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Association_football

Team sport..details of football.[Online].Accessible  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Team_sport

Laws of the Game.details of football.[Online].Accessible https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laws_of_the_Game_(association_football)



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